India is one of the biggest countries in the world having a dense population. It’s growing in economy and development is incredible but there is a health problem remains still now. The sanitation problem! Both in an urban and rural area, there is an acute health problem still decreasing health, lowering fitness and impacting in gross productivity. The problem has two aspects:
- The scarcity of water is such a dry rural area and
- The inadequate toilet in the urban or metropolitan area
In 1986, the Indian central govt. launched a nationwide sanitation program for the first time. But it failed due to improper and inadequate implementation. In the maiden speech of Prime Minister Narendra Modis, he stated that 50% of Indian household have the sanitation facilities but the reality is worse than this. In such a situation, the govt. launched Swach Bharat Mission in 2014 (SBM). The plan aims to solve the problem within 2019.
“India ranks top for having the greatest number of urbanites without living a safe, private-toilet”
-report by Water Aid
It’s the edge of 2018, the problem still persists. To solve the problem the solution model should be cost-effective, eco-friendly and sustainable. In 2019, many of the developing countries framed to implement a portable sanitation system. Most of the developing countries like Niger, Botswana, Costa Rica installed portable toilet and got fruitful result. Portable toilet will be the best solution in 2019 to face the sanitation challenge for India.
So, why the portable toilet?
In the rural country of India, people can’t effort water supply for sanitation. A project by UNDP stated the 66% people of the rural area of India suffers from chronic sanitary diseases which are caused by the unhygienic toilet. Because it can’t be cleaned regularly. On the other hand, in the urban area, the public toilet is such inadequate that people don’t get the facilities especially for women, it’s the major cause of urinary chronic diseases. In such case portable sanitation is best because,
- Portable Toilet is cost-effective. It can be made by the local instrument. Even the local people themselves can make it if they get some training.
- It’s eco-friendly, the human waste can be composted by the system of the portable toilet. The compositor raw materials are also available in the rural area of India.
- The portable toilet mechanism prevents the water born diseases. According to WHO report, 0.4 million children die due to water born diseases per year.
Finally, the Central Govt. and should make policy consulting with grassroots development organizations to face the sanitation problem in Inida